20,000 HECTARES OF OILSEED IS NEEDED

TO PRODUCE 20,000 TONNES OF BIO-DIESEL

The french company Societe Robbe, the oils and fats specialists  has been funded by European Community Cash and Picardy regional government to build a bio-diesel plant in Compiegne just north of Paris.

OILSEED MAN

Regarded as a pilot plant, it will set the way to build plants of 120,000 tonne capacity or more.

Cost efficiency of the product is yet to be improved and could be more effective in the marketplace when taxes on fuels are reconstructed to promote the bio-diesel for ite less polluting qualities.

Compared with the traditional fuel it contains little or no sulphur, the carbon dioxide levels are the same or slightly reduced, there is less than half of the soot, 66% less carbon monoxide and 12% less of the damaging aromatic hydrocarbons.

BIO-DIESEL FUEL AT THE PUMP

BIO-DIESEL FUEL AT THE PUMP

One slight disadvantage is the small increase of the nitrous oxide emitted of around 3%.

Tests with buses and public transport with mixtures of bio-diesel and standard fuels have proved very effective and successfull

Sourced from the Australian Farm Journal

and published by Henry Sapiecha Feb 2009

Princess Alexandra Hospital Brisbane Queensland Australia

CLEAN YOUR KIDNEYS AT HOME….

Patients of the hospital can now take home the world’s best technology in dialysis treatment

HOME DIALYSIS

HOME DIALYSIS

The hospital is the first dialysis service in Australia to offer home haemodiafiltration [HDF], which is considered an optimal treatment for kidney disease.

Janine Jeffries, home dialysis nurse manager, said the new machines were widely used in hospitals, but had not been available until now for use at home.

The new, portable machines bring together the best treatmenton offer at the hospital and the fexibility  of performing dialysis in your own home,” she said.

It means our patients can dialyse where and when they like, and they feel better because they can perform the best treatment for longer and more often.

Like regular diaysis treatment, haemodisfiltration filters blood when the kidneys can no longer do so,

whilst the patient awaits a kidney transplant or continues dialysis indefinitely.

The new machines pull a greater volume of fluid across an ‘artificial kidney’ before infusing sterile water back into the dialysis blood circuit, which removes 15 % more waste products.

The turbulence created in the machine is like a river-the stronger the current the more sand is washed away from the river bed, Janine said.

Our new machines have proved to be easy to use and learn by the patients, also small and portable enough for home installation.

With the number of Australians with end stage kidney disease anticipated  to double in the next decade, it’s important that people address the risk factors including smoking, obesity and blood pressure.

Early detection can also help prevent kidney failure and the need for dialysis or transplants.

Sourced from Qld Health and published by Henry Sapiecha Feb 2009

This byproduct of mineral treatments has many uses

metals treatment for slag

metals treatment for slag

But this is not the only slag to be produced during the production of steel. In an integrated steel plant the molten iron from the blast furnace is combined with steel scrap in a ratio of typically four parts molten iron to one part scrap. Lime is also added and oxygen is blasted through the resultant mixture. This process results in the production of steel and basic oxygen steelmaking (BOS) slag. Apart from the chemical differences, BOS slag is about 50 per cent more dense than its blast furnace counterpart.

Copper smelting also produces copper slag and coal slag is produced from coal fired power generation plants – so where does all this “man made mineral” end up? Blast furnace slag has a myriad of uses of which perhaps the most intriguing is for the production of mineral wool. It’s difficult to believe that a lump of dense slag can be turned into a low density material with a high insulating capacity. However the process for this is familiar on any fairground.

fibre glass wool-slag by-product

fibre glass wool-slag by-product

Just as candyfloss (cotton candy in North America or barbe à papa in French speaking parts of the world) is made by melting and spinning sugar, mineral wool is made by melting and spinning mixtures of basalt rock and slag (or slag on its own). This material is then processed into the low density wadding used in roofing to reduce energy consumption.

slag in raod surfacing

slag in raod surfacing

Have you looked at an asphalt surfaced road and wondered how such a smooth looking surface can react so well with your car’s tyres when you hit the brakes as the car in front slows down unexpectedly? You were able to brake safely because the wearing course of the asphalt contained steel slag – and it’s also very likely that the subsurface also contains the same material. Steel slag adheres to asphalt enhancing the overall performance of the road in spite of rain, sun or applied salt.

Have you heard the term pozzolan? Granulated blast furnace slag is a pozzolan and when this is further ground down it produces a fine powder that has cement-like properties when mixed with water.

Sourced and published by Henry Sapiecha Feb 2009

Construction of Cellulosic-Ethanol Plant underway

BIO FUEL PLANT

BIO FUEL PLANT

Range Fuels has broken ground on the first commercial scale plant designed to produce bioethanol from cellulosic biomass. The company received $76 million in funding from the U.S. Department of Energy for construction. Located in Georgia, the plant may be operational as soon as 2008-2009 and initially will produce 20 million gallons per year. Its process involves a two-step thermochemical conversion of wood chips and other biomass into a mix of alcohols via syngas.

WOOD CHIP CONVERSION TO FUEL

WOOD CHIP CONVERSION TO FUEL

Company officials claim that a new proprietary catalyst and improvements in the design and engineering of the plant make its process competitive with the one for producing Ethanol from corn. Some question whether or not the process will work on a large scale based on previous research on thermochemical methods. Others wonder whether the plant can be commercially viable since it must rely so heavily on government funding rather than private investors.

BIO FUEL AT BOWSER

BIO FUEL AT BOWSER

Sourced and published by Henry Sapiecha Feb 2009

Biotech Plant May Receive Approval for Cultivation

O-BASF Chemical company

GE MODIFIED POTATOES

GE Modified Potatoes

Currently, only GMO seeds have received approval for planting by governments around the world. The European Union may soon change that situation. It is considering approval of the Amflora potato from BASF AG for cultivation. This GM product is designed for use as an industrial starch. BASF has partnered with Monsanto to develop additional biotech products that it plans to bring to market that have better output-traits, including higher yields, unsaturated fatty acids and starch content.

Sourced and published by Henry Sapiecha Feb 2009

NF3 On green house gas emission

GLOBAL WARMING POLLUTANTS

GLOBAL WARMING POLLUTANTS

Scientists Claim NF3 Poses Greater Greenhouse Risk than CO2


Nitrogen trifluoride (NF3), used as a plasma etchant and for equipment cleaning in the semiconductor industry, has a lifetime of 550 years and a global warming potential thousands of times greater than Carbon dioxide, according to scientists in the Earth System Science Department at the University of California, Irvine. The substance is not included in the Kyoto Protocol on Climate Change because it was produced in much smaller quantities in 1995 when the Protocol’s data was gathered. Leading producers of NF3 include Air Products, Formosa Plastics, Mitsui Chemicals and Kanto Denka Kyogo. According to scientists, current production is approximately 4,000 metric tonnes/year. Planned expansions could double that by 2012. While most of the NF3 used in production processes is destroyed, scientists argue that some fraction must escape to the atmosphere during the process and when the substance is being transported or disposed of.

FLOATING TOXINS

FLOATING TOXINS

Air Products, a major producer of Nitrogen trifluoride, responded that the study presents an “inaccurate and implausible scenario.” According to Corning Painter, vice president of global electronics for the company, NF3 serves as a source for Fluorine, which is used to clean manufacturing equipment. Of the two percent that isn’t consumed in the process, most of the gas is destroyed by emission control equipment

Sourced and published by Henry Sapiecha Feb 2009

Replace milk with starch to reduce costs- At what price?

MILK IS NOT MILK ?

MILK IS NOT MILK ?

Food Producers Look to Ingredient Suppliers for Cost Saving Technology
To meet the demand for lower cost food ingredients, producers of these special products are looking for alternative materials or new process techniques that improve efficiency without losses in taste and texture. Enzyme manufacturers report growing interest in products designed to reduce consumption in water and energy as well as optimizing production processes. Applications are found in brewing, fruit maturation, juice making, baking and cheese production. With dairy prices reaching record highs, many companies are looking for alternatives to dairy-based ingredients.

FOOD PRODUCTION

New starch technology can replace many milk-based ingredients while maintaining similar performance characteristics. Soy-protein can be an alternative for dairy protein. New cream flavors, as well as texturizers and stabilizers, are also helping food producers reduce costs.

Sourced and published by Henry Sapiecha Feb 2009

Water fuel car unveiled in Japan – Genepax company

water driven car

water driven car

New Fuel Cell System ‘Generates Electricity with Only Water, Air’ Jun 13, 2008 19:30 Kouji Kariatsumari, Nikkei Electronics Genepax Co Ltd explained the technologies used in its new fuel cell system “Water Energy System (WES),” which uses water as a fuel and does not emit CO2. The system can generate power just by supplying water and air to the fuel and air electrodes, respectively, the company said at the press conference, which took place June 12, 2008, at the Osaka Assembly Hall. The basic power generation mechanism of the new system is similar to that of a normal fuel cell, which uses hydrogen as a fuel. According to Genepax, the main feature of the new system is that it uses the company’s membrane electrode assembly (MEA), which contains a material capable of breaking down water into hydrogen and oxygen through a chemical reaction. Though the company did not reveal the details, it “succeeded in adopting a well-known process to produce hydrogen from water to the MEA,” said Hirasawa Kiyoshi, the company’s president. This process is allegedly similar to the mechanism that produces hydrogen by a reaction of metal hydride and water. But compared with the existing method, the new process is expected to produce hydrogen from water for a longer time, the company said. With the new process, the cells need only water and air, eliminating the need for a hydrogen reformer and high-pressure hydrogen tank. Moreover, the MEA requires no special catalysts, and the required amount of rare metals such as platinum is almost the same as that of existing systems, Genepax said. Unlike the direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC), which uses methanol as a fuel, the new system does not emit CO2. In addition, it is expected to have a longer life because catalyst degradation (poisoning) caused by CO2 does not occur on the fuel electrode side. As it has only been slightly more than a year since the company completed the prototype, it plans to collect more data on the product life. At the conference, Genepax unveiled a fuel cell stack with a rated output of 120W and a fuel cell system with a rated output of 300W. In the demonstration, the 120W fuel cell stack was first supplied with water by using a dry-cell battery operated pump. After pow

http://www.genepax.co.jp

Water fuel car unveiled in Japang – Genepax

1 min 14 sec      www.you tube.com

YOU TUBE VIDEO OF TEST RUN

Sourced and published by Henry Sapiecha Feb 2009

Innovate or Die – Aquaduct: Mobile Filtration Vehicle

WATER FILTER BIKE

WATER FILTER BIKE

The Aquaduct is pedal powered vehicle that transports, filters, and stores water especially for the developing world. A peristaltic pump attached to the pedal crank draws water from a large tank,via a filter, to a smaller clean tank. This tank is removable and closed for contamination-free home water storage and use. A clutch engages and disengages the drive belt from the pedal crank, enabling the rider to filter the water while traveling or while stationary. The Aquaduct is the winning entry in the Innovate or Die contest put on by Google and Specialized. The contest challenge was to build a pedal powered machine that has environmental impact. Please visit our blog ( http://theaquaduct.blogspot.com/ ) or email team.aquaduct@gmail.com for more details.

From the team at AQUADUCT – AMERICA

THE INVENTORS TEAM

THE INVENTORS TEAM

Aquaduct YouTube Video

VIEW ON YOU TUBE

VIEW ON YOU TUBE

Congratulations on a great idea put into practice

Sourced and published by Henry Sapiecha Feb 2009

Type and amount of drink Sugar approx teaspoons/pack

DRINKS TO COMPARE

DRINKS TO COMPARE

Regular can of soft drink (375 ml) 9-13
375 ml can – Cola 9-11
375 ml can – Diet cola 0
375ml can – Carbonated mineral water 0
250 ml pack – Pure fruit juice 4-9
300 ml bottle – Fruit juice and mineral water 5-8
250 ml pack – Fruit juice drink 5-9
300ml carton – Normal, full fat milk 4
300 ml carton – Chocolate flavoured milk 6-8

COCA COLA CAN
MILKSHAKE
MAN DRINKS WATER

MAN DRINKS WATER

Sourced and published by Henry Sapiecha Feb 2009