Latest jet fighter kills test pilot

f22 fighter

f22 fighter

A U.S. F-22 Raptor fighter flies near California. A Lockheed Martin test pilot was killed when his F-22 fighter jet crashed on a flight near Edwards Air Force Base in Southern California on March 25, 2009.[Xinhua/AFP]

Sourced and published by Henry Sapiecha 30th March 2009

Portable justice to areas in China

rural chinese court

rural chinese court

People gather to audit a trial held by the mobile court at a village in Dagze County, southwest China’s Tibet Autonomous Region, March 26, 2009. The court of Dagze County has dispatched the mobile court to villages for years to unload the economic burdens of those who entangled in lawsuits and popularize law knowledge among local residents.[Xinhua]

Sourced and published by Henry Sapiecha 30th March 2009

When mixing your foods can be

dangerous

weight watcher

weight watcher

For people whose eyes are bigger than their stomachs, a big meal with lots of different tastes usually satisfies. But some foods do not go with others. When the mix is wrong, people will not be able to assimilate the nutrients in the food. Sometimes there are risks of more serious side effects.

Crabs and persimmons are a well-known example. When the two are eaten together, they cause diarrhea.

Li Hongyan, a senior nutritionist from Shanghai Tongmai Food Co Ltd, suggests that when mixing different foods, people have to look out for those that might result in bad reactions.

She offers some tips.

Category 1: Soybean and milk products

Bean curd and spinach

When bean curd and spinach are eaten at the same time, they affect absorption of calcium and may lead to blockages in the abdomen. Spinach contains oxalic acid, which can react with the calcium in bean curd in the intestines and form insoluble precipitates of calcium oxalate. The foods taken together affect the absorption of calcium.

Bean curd and green onion

The combination of bean curd and green onions may affect the absorption of calcium. Bean curd contains plenty of nutrition like protein and calcium. But green onions contain a great deal of oxalic acid. When calcium meets oxalic acid, the calcium oxalate they form destroys calcium. If one eats bean curd mixed with green onions over a long time, it can lead to a lack of calcium causing spasms, osteomalacia and fractures.

Milk and chocolate

sexy chocolate

sexy chocolate

Believe it or not, milk and chocolate do not match. While milk is rich in protein and calcium, chocolate contains oxalic acid. Eaten together, the calcium from milk and the oxalic acid of chocolate can combine and form insoluble calcium oxalate, which is not only indigestible but also can cause diarrhea.

Milk and pomelo

The protein in milk can react with the fruit acids in pomelos and make one’s stomach feel bloated. The acid can also over-stimulate the stomach and cause diarrhea.

Lactic acid drink and ham

Many people like having a sandwich with yogurt. However, ham and bacon in sandwiches, when taken with yogurt, could cause cancer. To extend the preservation of meat products, producers add nitrate to prevent decay and botulinus. But when nitrate meets organic acid, it can turn into nitrosamine, a carcinogen.

Soy milk and egg

Soy milk contains nutrition including vegetable proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. If drunk by itself, it is very nourishing. However, if taken together with eggs, it can reduce the activity of protease, which helps the body assimilate protein. Eggs are, of course, very rich in protein.

Category 2: Meat

Mutton and vinegar

mix and match

mix and match

Mutton is a “hot” food, while vinegar is “warm” and like alcohol. When the two are cooked together, they can over-activate yang energy and the circulation. According to Compendium of Materia Medica, a book on Chinese herbal medicine, eating mutton and vinegar at the same time harms the heart.

Mutton and watermelon

Watermelon is a “cold” food. When taken together with mutton, the “heat,” the nourishing effect of the mutton will be dramatically decreased. For those who suffer from asthenia of the spleen, it can harm their energy and upset the spleen and stomach.

Beef and chestnut

chestnuts

chestnuts

Beef and chestnuts are good for the stomach. However, chestnuts contains vitamin C, which can react with microelements in the beef and lessen the chestnuts’ nutrition. The combination is not good for digestion and can cause dyspepsia.

Category 3: Seafood

Crab and tea

Some people might get used to drinking tea after eating crabs, thinking that it is good for the digestion. On the contrary it can cause indigestion. Gastric juices are diluted after drinking tea while eating crabs, and this not only disturbs assimilation but also reduces the ability of the gastric juices to sterilize. On the other hand, tea has as much tannic acid as persimmons.

Shrimp and vitamin C

If someone eats shrimps and also takes a lot of vitamin C on the same day, he or she is taking a serious risk. Shrimps contain a compound which reacts with vitamin C becoming the poison arsenic.

Catergory 4: Vegetable

White radish and carrot

The ferment in carrot can destroy the vitamin C in the white radish. To get the best nutrition, it is better to eat them separately.

Persimmon and sweet potato

Having persimmon and sweet potato at the same time can cause blockages in the stomach. The sugar in the sweet potato gets fermented in the stomach, which increases stomach acid. Together they could even cause a gastric hemorrhage or gastric ulcers.

so confused

so confused

Sourced and published by Henry Sapiecha 30th March 2009

Reliance looks to NAL for making

carbon fibre

CARBON FIBRE CABLE

CARBON FIBRE CABLE

Reliance Industries Ltd is planning to source locally developed technology from state-owned National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL) to make carbon fibre. The carbon fibre is a scarce, steel-like material used in building light aircraft. India‘s one of the largest private sector companies by sales would make the carbon fibre at a 4,000-tonne plant in Gujarat, using technology developed at NAL. Carbon fibre is produced from polymers and is used to make composites that are as strong as steel. Vadodara-based Kemrock Industries and Exports Ltd, an export-focussed unit that makes fibre-reinforced plastic composites, is already engaged in building a 400-tonne carbon fibre plant to open in August 2009.

Sourced and published by Henry Sapiecha 30th March 2009

10 foods to make you happy

Feeling sad and blue? Mung beans, lobster, turkey, asparagus, sunflower seeds, cottage cheese, pineapple, tofu, spinach and bananas could lift your spirits.

FRESH FRUIT AND VEG

FRESH FRUIT AND VEG

A diet high in tryptophan – an amino acid converted by the body into the feel-good chemical serotonin – can improve mood and wellbeing, pediatrician and natural health expert Caroline Longmore said.

The body cannot produce tryptophan so unless we get enough through our diets, we may suffer a deficiency, leading to low serotonin levels which are associated with mood disorders, anxiety, cravings and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

“Following a diet which contains foods rich in naturally occurring serotonin will improve your mood, leaving you energised and in a state of harmony and wellbeing,” Dr Longmore said.

Mental health experts say while the theory behind tryptophans for improving mood is solid, its use by depressed patients has a chequered history in Australia.

MACADAMIA NUTS

MACADAMIA NUTS

Gordon Parker, from the Black Dog Institute, said tryptophan supplements were widely used before the 1990s but after a number of patients suffered serious side effects from a contaminated batch, they were temporarily taken off the market.

Professor Parker said while some patients strongly believed such supplements were beneficial, scientific evidence was lacking.

“I would say it’s something that can be useful for some people but the quality control varies enormously,” he said.

In her ebook The Serotonin Secret, Dr Longmore claims the best way to get optimum tryptophan levels is through a carefully devised eating plan. She rates dozens of foods for their levels of tryptophan.

Written with Australian-trained medical scientist and naturopath Katrin Hempel, the book has 50 recipes designed to solve serotonin imbalance without drugs. The concept works on the same principle as selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs), such as popular antidepressant Prozac.

Britain‘s Food and Mood Project recommends eating chicken, sardines, turkey, salmon, fresh tuna, nuts and seeds to boost serotonin levels.

DR FEEL GOOD

DR FEEL GOOD

But Associate Professor Michael Baigent, clinical adviser to Beyondblue, said there was only low-level evidence to suggest tryptophans have a medical effect.

DuPont opens integrated knowledge centre in Hyderabad

DuPontDuPont recently opened a 15-acre DuPont Knowledge Center (DKC) in India located in the ICICI Knowledge Park in the Hyderabad’s Genome Valley. It will house a biotechnology centre, materials research centre and global engineering design centre, thus making it the first integrated knowledge centre and sixth major R&D facility outside the US.

DuPont‘s 2007 net sales in Asia Pacific stood at $ 5.18 billion while India showed an average of 25 per cent annual growth rates. DKC brings together basic research, applications development, engineering design, bioinformatics and patent services to serve the Asia Pacific region, a key growth market for the company.

Hyderabad-based DKC is expected to accommodate more than 300 scientists and other employees by 2009. At full capacity, about 600 scientists, engineers and other employees will work at the DKC. DKC research will use the DuPont integrated science approach of creating valuable products and technologies using unique combinations of biology, chemistry, materials science, engineering and other science disciplines to further develop the company‘s application pipeline.

The project took 17 months for realisation after company‘s announcement in 2007 about plans to construct its first research and development  centre in India. Other major DuPont R&D facilities are located in Wilmington, Del.; Shanghai, China; Utsunomiya, Japan; Hsinchu, Taiwan; Wuppertal, Germany and Meyrin, Switzerland.

Sourced and published by Henry Sapiecha 30th March 2009

Airbus in final stages of

construction of A350 XWB

AirbusAirbus started construction work on the final assembly line for the A350 XWB, the new highly efficient wide-body aircraft scheduled to enter service in 2013. The 74,000 sq m factory will house the first stages of final assembly for the A350 XWB: the joining up of the fuselage and wings. Aircraft testing and cabin equipping will be completed in the nearby A330/340 facility. The € 140 million Airbus facility at Toulouse, France, will provide work for more than 1,000 people when fully operational, and will be the most eco-efficient Airbus final assembly hall. Tom Enders, president and CEO, Airbus, said, “The start of construction work on our new final assembly line confirm that the A350 XWB is making great progress. Set for its first delivery in 2013, the A350 XWB will shape efficiency for the aviation industry. The global Airbus community, including our employees, suppliers and customers, are working closely together for the success of this programme.”

We are excited about the progress we have made.

Sourced and published by Henry Sapiecha 30th March 2009

African freshwater fish species risk extinction

african map

african map

ASHINGTON (UPI) — An international conservation group says many freshwater fish, crabs, dragonflies, mollusks and aquatic plants are at risk of extinction in southern Africa.

The International Union for Conservation of Nature said a study conducted with the South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity shows 7 percent of species are known to be regionally threatened or extinct and that figure is expected to rapidly increase unless conservation is considered in development planning.

The U.S. organization’s study shows that while 77 percent of species aren’t threatened with extinction, there isn’t enough information for the remaining 16 percent to determine their threat status.

FISH SKETCHES

FISH SKETCHES

The ICUN said its assessment of 1,279 freshwater species in southern Africa show the more developed a country is, the more species are threatened with extinction. Of the 94 species threatened in southern Africa, 78 of these are found in South Africa, the most developed country in the region.

“We are in a unique position in Africa to avoid an extinction disaster,” said IUCN Director General Julia Marton-Lefevre. “Most developers have not taken freshwater species into consideration because they simply don’t have the information they need. We hope this detailed study will change that.”

An executive summary of the report is available here.

Copyright 2009 by United Press International

Sourced and published by Henry Sapiecha 24th March 2009

Fruit flies used to study neural circuits in the human brain

fruit fly

fruit fly

PASADENA, Calif. (UPI) — A U.S. biologist says he has used the behavior of fruit flies to study human behavior and, perhaps, develop new treatments for mental illness.

BRINGS A NEW MEANING TO THE TERM ‘FRUIT LOOP’

Am I mad

Am I mad

I have an  eye for the ladys though

Professor David Anderson of the California Institute of Technology and a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator noticed fruit flies subjected to even gentle wind will assume a defensive position, halting flying until the wind ceases.

Anderson and colleagues subsequently discovered the flies’ wind-sensitive neurons exist in the same sensory organ in the flies’ antennae as the neurons that process the sound of the song of a potential mate.

The next challenge was determining how the same organ processed two distinct stimuli, leading to two distinct behavioral responses. The team mounted a fly under a very powerful two-photon microscope and cut a hole in the shell covering the fly’s brain to observe when any neurons were activated by a particular stimulus.

Simultaneously playing recordings of mating sounds and using a fan to make a breeze, the scientists identified the neurons being activated.

“And it was absolutely obvious that neurons in different regions of the brain were being activated by the sound or activated by the wind, and these regions were different, even if we applied the two stimuli simultaneously,” said Anderson

HEAD SCAN

HEAD SCAN

He said the findings have potential application for the treatment of mental illnesses and might target medications to precisely where they are needed, as opposed to treating the brain globally.

The study appears in the journal Nature.

Copyright 2009 by United Press International

Sourced and published by Henry Sapiecha 24th March 2009

Synthetic ‘natural’ skin cream developed

BABY SKIN GRAFTS

BABY SKIN GRAFTS

LEIDEN, Netherlands (UPI) — Dutch scientists say they have created a synthetic version of Vernix caseosa, a protective substance that covers fetuses and newborn babies.

Leiden University Professor Joke Bouwstra said Vernix caseosa aids in the growth of skin both before and after birth, providing “waterproofing” in utero that allows the skin to grow in wet conditions and then, after birth, hydrating and cleansing the skin and even healing when applied to ulcers.

BABY PARTS

BABY PARTS

Bouwstra said the synthetic version of the natural buttery ointment she and colleague Robert Ribmann developed shows the same structure and unique properties as does Vernix caseosa.

As well as helping pre-term babies develop essential protection against temperature changes, dehydration and infection, it is said that their artificial VC could also benefit sufferers of various skin diseases.

Copyright 2009 by United Press International

Sourced and published by Henry Sapiecha 24th March 2009