President Obama presents the National Medal of Science to awardee Maya Berenbaum.image www.sciencearticlesonline.com

At a White House ceremony last Thursday, President Obama presented the National Medal of Science and National Medal of Technology and Innovation to individuals who have made outstanding contributions to science and engineering. The awards are the nation’s highest honors for achievement and leadership in advancing the fields of science and technology.

“The story of these trailblazers reflects our bigger American story of constant transformation,” President Obama said. “They represent the spirit that has always defined the American people, one of restless searching for the right solution to any problem; an inclination to dream big dreams; and an insistence on making those dreams come true.”

Administered for the White House by the National Science Foundation (NSF), the National Medal of Science was established by the 86th Congress in 1959 as a presidential award to be given to individuals “deserving of special recognition by reason of their outstanding contributions to knowledge in the physical, biological, mathematical or engineering sciences.” In 1980 Congress expanded this recognition to include the social and behavioral sciences.

The National Medal of Technology and Innovation was created by statute in 1980 and is administered for the White House by the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Patent and Trademark Office. The award recognizes those who have made lasting contributions to America’s competitiveness and quality of life and helped strengthen the nation’s technological workforce.

Awarded annually, the Medal honors the Nation’s visionary thinkers whose creativity and intellect have made a lasting impact on the United States and its workforce. The President receives nominations from a committee of presidential appointees based on their extraordinary knowledge of chemistry, engineering, computing, mathematics, and the biological, behavioral/social, and physical sciences.

Among this year’s 10 recipients of the National Medal of Science, nine received NSF support at some point in their research careers, for a cumulative total of more than $35 million.

A committee of 12 scientists and engineers is appointed by the president to evaluate the nominees for the award. Since its establishment, the National Medal of Science has been awarded to 487 distinguished scientists and engineers whose careers spanned decades of research and development. The recipients database, with information from 1962 to the present, is searchable by name, affiliation and other criteria.

The names, affiliations, and short biographies of this year’s National Medal of Science Laureates follow:

Bruce Alberts, University of California, San Francisco

Bruce Alberts is an internationally-renowned biochemist and Professor Emeritus at the University of California, San Francisco. In addition to his research in the field of DNA replication, he is an avid proponent of improving science and mathematics education and international scientific cooperation.

Robert Axelrod, University of Michigan

Robert Axelrod is renowned for his work on the evolution of cooperation and its application across disciplines, from the social sciences to biology and computer science. He is a professor in the Department of Political Science and the Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy at the University of Michigan.

May Berenbaum, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

May Berenbaum’s pioneering studies of insect-plant co-evolution and her extensive public engagement have made her a world-renowned expert on all insect-related matters. Dr. Berenbaum is Professor and Head of the Department of Entomology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Alexandre J. Chorin, University of California, Berkeley

Alexandre Chorin is an applied mathematician known for his contributions to computational fluid mechanics. He is a professor of mathematics at the University of California, Berkeley, and a senior scientist at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

Thomas Kailath, Stanford University

Thomas Kailath is an electrical engineer known for his contributions to the information and system sciences. He is currently the Hitachi America Professorship of Engineering, Emeritus at Stanford University.

Judith P. Klinman, University of California, Berkeley

Judith Klinman is a physical-organic chemist renowned for her work on enzymes. She is currently a professor of chemistry and of molecular and cell biology at the University of California, Berkeley.

Jerrold Meinwald, Cornell University

Jerrold Meinwald is considered one of the fathers of chemical ecology. He is currently the Goldwin Smith Professor of Chemistry Emeritus at Cornell University.

Burton Richter, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University

Burton Richter is a Nobel Prize-winning physicist known for co-discovering the J/Psi meson. He is the Paul Pigott Professor in the Physical Sciences at Stanford University.

Sean C. Solomon, Columbia University

Geophysicist Sean Solomon is director of the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, where he is also the William B. Ransford Professor of Earth and Planetary Science.

And a posthumous Medal to:

David Blackwell, University of California, Berkeley

David Blackwell (1919-2010) was a towering figure in the fields of probability, statistics, and the mathematical sciences. He was a professor emeritus of mathematics and statistics at the University of California, Berkeley.

National Medal of Technology and Innovation awardees:

Charles W. Bachman, Mass.

Edith M. Flanigen, UOP, LLC., a Honeywell Company, N.Y.

Eli Harari, SanDisk Corporation, Calif.

Thomas Fogarty, Fogarty Institute for Innovation, Calif.

Arthur D. Levinson, Calico, Calif.

Cherry A. Murray, Harvard University School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Mary Shaw, Carnegie Mellon University

Douglas Lowy and John Schiller, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health

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Henry Sapiecha

Kelly Mathews reads Rosie Revere, Engineer to her 6-month-old daughter, Marilyn, at their home in Langhorne, Penn. image www.sciencearticlesonline.com

In this July 31, 2014 photo, Kelly Mathews reads “Rosie Revere, Engineer” to her 6-month-old daughter, Marilyn, at their home in Langhorne, Penn. The software engineer is on a mission – to get more girls interested in science, engineering, technology and math

LANGHORNE, Pa. (AP) — Kelly Mathews is on a mission – to get more girls interested in STEM.

That’s science, technology, engineering, and math. And for Mathews, it’s a mission that begins at home with her 9-month old daughter, Marilyn.

“I want her to look at things and wonder how they tick,” Mathews says, “and know that if she looks at something and says, `Wouldn’t it be cool if it could do that?’ that she can make it do that.”

That’s why Mathews reads books like “Rosie Revere, Engineer” to Marilyn and stocks her nursery with other such books, like “HTML for Babies.”

Mathews, a software engineer in Chalfont, Pennsylvania, believes the earlier girls are introduced to these fields, the better the chance they will be empowered to pursue those careers when they graduate from high school.

That’s a belief that is gaining support in the education and business communities. The U.S. Department of Commerce estimates women make up less than 25 percent of the workforce in jobs related to STEM, an acronym coined by a member of the National Science Foundation in the 1990s.

Mathews has teamed up with TechGirlz, a Philadelphia-based nonprofit that aims to bridge the gender gap by teaching middle and high school girls about careers in technology.

Mathews, one of only two female engineers in her company, feels her mission is simple: “You can be cool and you can be smart,” and that girls “don’t have to choose sides.”

Kelly Parisi, spokeswoman for Girl Scouts of the USA, says her organization has been working to empower girls in science since its inception, way back in 1913.

At a recent badge activity in Hempstead, New York, Brownies and Juniors made what the volunteer scientists called “flubber”, a silly putty-type compound made from glue, Borax, water and food coloring.

Parisi points out, the Girl Scouts offer “over thirty S.T.E.M. badges in everything from coding to engineering to computer science.”

Sean Cohen, chief operating officer at the email marketing firm AWeber, says he believes employers should get more involved in high school programs.

“Create job shadowing programs. Create experiences for young women to get more involved in S.T.E.M. programs and see that there are careers around that,” Cohen says.

Mathews hopes that by starting early, her daughter will know a career in STEM is well within her reach.

“If she wants to, and if she doesn’t want to that’s great too. I just want her to know what’s out there.”


WAHT ARE THE MOST EXPNSIVE THINGS IN THE WORLD-VIDEO HIGHLIGHTS HERE

Henry Sapiecha

Have you ever heard of Buckypaper? It is one of the strongest materials known to man. This carbon nanotechnology material is 500 times stronger than steel and ten times lighter. Believe it or not, Spider’s silk is also on this list. And one is from outer space. Are you familiar with any of them?

Henry Sapiecha